Istanbul was declared the capital of the Ottoman Empire with the conquest. After 1453, it remained as capital for 450 years. Together with Fatah, the cultural transformation of the city has accelerated. While the change is continuing, quite essential structures have been built. Here are nine works of architectural wonders which came to our day from the Ottoman Empire.
The first structure in the area where Beylerbeyi Palace is located in the palace belonging to the daughter of II Selim. Until the construction of Beylerbeyi Palace, Ferahfeza Pavilion, Ferahabad Mansion and Şevkabad Pavilion were built in this region. The wooden building that was built in 1829 was burned with a massive fire that arose around 1850. Between 1861 and 1865 the Beylerbeyi Palace was constructed by Sarkis Balyan for Abdülaziz. This palace hosted foreign guests and the palace was used as a summer palace. The palace is one of the famous buildings that have survived from the Ottoman Empire. Inside the palace; it is possible to see unique gifts, furniture and more. The inside of the palace is impressive.
Suleymaniye Mosque, which was built by an architect Sinan, was built in 1557. The mosque was built by Kanuni Sultan by Mimar Sinan. Mimar Sinan, 85 years old, said that this mosque was my “masterpiece work”. Located in Eminönü district, the mosque has a height of 53 meters and has four minarets with a height of 76 meters.
Topkapı Palace, which is a symbolic and strategically important building, was built by the conquest of Istanbul and the order of Fatih Sultan Mehmet. The construction was started in 1461 and was completed in 17 years. Here, members of the dynasty lived and carried out state affairs. It is one of the must-see places with its magnificent architecture and hosts.
The mosque built by Mimar Sinan in 1580, is the smallest mosque built by Mimar Sinan. The mosque was built by Şemsi Ahmed Pasha. It is possible to see traces of the masters of Mimar Sinan in the mosque. Şemsi Ahmed Pasha Mosque is also known as Cam Asparagus Mosque Ş. The reason for this is that the birds are not placed on the north and south because of the intersection of the winds.
Dolmabahçe Palace, which is one of the most magnificent and fascinating palaces of Istanbul, was built in 1856 by order of Sultan Abdülmecid Han. The Palace was used as the main palace in the last 70 years of the Ottoman Empire’s Topkapi Palace. Many foreign state people were welcomed here, and the Great Leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lived and died. Since 1984, it has been possible to see the palace and its artefacts as a museum.
Built by Sultan Ahmet I and Turkey’s first six minarets of the Blue Mosque located with Iznik tiles for decoration are also known as “Blue Mosque”. The work adorns Istanbul’s skyline with all its glory. There is an absorbing narrative about the six minarets of the mosque, which was completed in 1616. It is said that the mosque was built with six minarets when Sultan Ahmet I wanted to see the minaret of the mosque to be gold ’as min six minaret‘.
The Cağaloğlu Bathhouse was built in the classical Ottoman architecture and Baroque style. Completed in 1741, the primary purpose of the building is to provide income for Ayasofya. The plan of the mosque by Abdullah Aga belongs to Suleyman Agha. The building is the last great bath in the Ottoman Empire.
One of the must-see Ottoman buildings in Istanbul is the Ortaköy Mosque. Ortaköy Mosque built by Sultan Abdülmecid in 1853 is located in Ortaköy district. The structure made by Nigoğos Balyan has been designed to carry all the colours of the Bosphorus.
It was built on the hillside between Beşiktaş and Ortaköy on the slope between III. The building was constructed for Mihrişah Sultan. The building was used as the main palace of the Ottoman Empire after the Topkapi Palace in the period of Abdülhamit II. Yıldız Palace is one of the tailor-made structures of the period.